hycasino, bonus casino, casino

How To Choose an Online Betting Website?

There are a wide range of sites out there that deal betting open doors. Nonetheless, while betting online there are a few things you really want to know prior to settling on your decision where to bet.

To keep yourself from losing a lot of money, you actually must know every one of the advantages and downsides of betting on a site. So in this article we will introduce the elements of the great betting site which assist you with your choice where to put down your bets.

License

Each great and dependable betting site or online casino needs to have a license that is generally given by the public authority of the country in which the site works. This way you can guarantee yourself that betting is being directed and controlled all around ok to safeguard your money and forestall crimes like match fixing. Also you will try not to trick sites that are just there to take your money and you will not get your payout in any event, when you win.

Data about licenses should be apparent on the site as opposed to being concealed some place in the bookmarks. Regardless of whether it is expressed that an online casino or betting platform has a license, it is great to really look at some administration sites.

Certificates

To ensure that betting webpage you are betting at is a protected spot there should be many certificates shielding the site from misrepresentation, responsibility or hacking. Certificates are there to guarantee bettors that their money is placed precisely on bet and won’t be taken. The betting site with certificates is a lot more secure than one without.

Locales working from the UK, Malta and Gibraltar are known for betting destinations with great standing.

Straightforward Terms and Conditions

The standards and every one of the guidelines on the specific betting site ought to be straightforward and incorporate all potential circumstances with clear strides to follow. Assuming there are a few wanders or a few assertions barring one another, you should be mindful and placed a warning on a specific site.

Secured site

Betting platforms or online casinos such as hycasino should utilize present day SSL (Secure Socket Layer) certificates. It secures your own information, for example, your betting record number or secret key, Visa subtleties and other private data during the exchange between you and the betting site by scrambling it. The initial three characters of https://before the web address implies that the site is secured by SSL certificate. In the event that it isn’t secured, you can see http://and it is better to try not to bet on such a platform.

Existing location

Betting site ought to incorporate every one of the information regarding the administrator and existing location to the in-site office of the organization. This data is vital assuming you have any sort of betting related issues or debates. In the event that there is a phony location given on the site, you ought to be frightened and abstain from putting down bets on this platform.

Simple to contact

Betting platforms ought to have email and PDAs given in noticeable puts on the site and these correspondence ways ought to answer. In the event that there is a number, yet it is phony or never getting your calls, stop your betting exercises on this platform before you lose more money. Similar when they are not noting your messages in a couple of days time.

Quick answering help place
The best betting sites have a help group prepared to help you all day, every day or if nothing else during working hours given on site contact data. On the off chance that they are not noting or answering to you in a couple of days time, pause and observe one that is more responsive for your betting necessities.

The End

There are several elements to search for while picking a betting site. The great betting sites can be checked by taking a gander at agreements, betting license or accreditation (particularly betting assessment), security certificate on site, dependable betting data about betting compulsion and different apparatuses to assist you with betting capably and direct your betting exercises. It isn’t simply vital to know how to pick a site yet additionally how to quit betting on some unacceptable one.

Tombstone Manufacturer Mthatha

Guidance For Those Buying Tombstones

Have you at any point halted to take a gander at gravestones? Some of you may have. Others of you may not. Assuming you have, you will find in a burial ground that there are a wide range of gravestones out there. There are some that are astonishing. Then, at that point, there, are your most fundamental ones. Here we will direct you through to the things you need to ponder as you go to buy a headstone. Need some direction? It’s here.

The primary thing that we need to instruct you with respect to will be to call around. Headstones are really costly. In this manner, you want to get the best cost. Notwithstanding, whenever you have chosen where you need to buy the stone then you should go there face to face. This is on the grounds that they regularly have things that you can take a gander at to provide you with a thought of what you are getting.

One of the primary things that you will select is the stone. Here you will observe that there are a wide range of materials that they use. One of them is rock which is most frequently utilized. Here you will likewise pick any shadings that may be utilized. There are such countless choices accessible to you. Simply sit back and watch and you will discover what we’re referring to.

Then, you’ll need to pick what all you need on the gravestone. Some have everything with an image from there, the sky is the limit. Others keep it pretty straightforward. What may be the venturing stone of assisting you with choosing is the amount they charge per letter or word. That is regularly the way in which they charge for etching.

The last thing you will likewise pick is the state of the stone. There are some that have a few pretty intriguing plans so to say. They are generally upside down with some. Others are heart molded. There isn’t a lot of that you can’t do. This is the place where tests are great all the time to see. That is what we recommend in light of the fact that this can give you a few thoughts.

While purchasing the stone, recall these are the last updates that individuals will have when you set out to settle the individual you love. They truly do merit something extraordinary. The right words and the right look are something that ought to be painstakingly viewed as when you are picking a gravestone. Ponder how that individual affects you as you are settling on the choices.

Do the best to your darling individual once again. Purchasing a tombstone will relieve your misery. Visit JVPS Tombstones in Mthatha to discover more.

nangs delivery

5 Ways To Avoid Common Courier Errors

Courier organizations these days are better prepared to adjust to the changing times – some have totally robotized their administrations to take special care of the profoundly computerized world we are living in and some have imaginative client benefits that are really devoted to amplifying customer experience. Courier organizations like these are obviously in their prime with regards to giving their clients the best assistance conceivable.

Nonetheless, regardless of how creative a courier organization may be, there are still a few unanticipated conditions that are basically out of the client and the courier organization’s control. These are things like awful climate conditions, weighty traffic, and others. These unavoidable circumstances can prompt delivery incidents like late conveyances and harmed merchandise.

There are times when accidents occur because of some level of carelessness on the courier organization’s part. As a client, we see how disturbing and deterring this can be. By following the right countermeasures, in any case, you can keep away from these normal courier mistakes and extra yourself from the bother that they bring. This article records 5 supportive tips on the best way to keep away from the most widely recognized courier blunders that actually happen today. Peruse on to look into these careful steps:

Deferred Parcel Deliveries

A deferred delivery is a bad dream to both the recipient and the shipper. The package may be a significant thing that both the beneficiary and shipper esteem and not getting it on time may hurt their accommodation. This is particularly evident when your business includes conveying items to clients. The clients who are hoping to accept your package on a specific time and date may be prevented to arrange again in the event that the delivery is late or more terrible, assuming it never came to their doorstep.

The last thing you need is to be on the two closures of a deferred bundle delivery. To keep away from this, here is what you can do:

The Solution:

Assuming the issue emerged because of honestly unavoidable conditions like climate or traffic, all that you can expect is that your package gets conveyed when those obstacles are finished. Most courier organizations will undoubtedly inform their clients once delivery delays become evident.

Then again, you can likewise abstain from encountering this by doing an intensive investigation into the courier’s set of experiences. Peruse audits on the web, get some information about their encounters, and look at their relationship with clients prior to hopping into the choice to work with them. It is ideal to observe a courier with predictable positive audits from customers in regards to their idealness to ensure that your delivery shows up on schedule.

Getting Goods in Poor Condition

Another normal courier mistake is conveying merchandise in helpless condition. We have all felt the premonition when all that repressed energy after accepting your package reduce to nothing as we find that the products are harmed, and more awful, at this point not usable. Assuming you are the source, the present circumstance can be similarly as disillusioning.

Maintaining a business that depends on the protected delivery of items and products ought not feel like a danger. Sending a substitution stock can influence your deals, so ensure that you do anything you can to try not to wind up in the present circumstance.

The Solution:

Work with a respectable organization. Working with a respectable organization may mean you need to dish out somewhat more than the normal expense yet it additionally ensures that you would not lose a ton on supplanting harmed merchandise. You are paying for the assurance that your bundle gets to its objective protected and flawless all things considered. The venture is worth the effort, like with nangs delivery.

Thus, observe the most respectable courier administration Sydney brings to the table. Make a few inquiries, read online journals, and scour the web. Anything you do, make sure to do your own examination.

Overrated versus Bargain Prices

Courier organizations that proposition benefits that are unrealistic likely are, while organizations that charge a lot for shoddy administrations are likewise the opposite side of the range that you need to pay special attention to. Administrations that are too modest may give you helpless administrations, yet costly ones are simply not worth the effort also. How might you find some kind of harmony?

The Solution:

Find courier that offers customized arrangements. This implies that they don’t charge for administrations that you don’t require in any case. Organizations like Couriers by Demand Express plan administrations in view of a customer’s particular prerequisites. This choice permits you to change the support of your necessities so you try not to squander cash and increment your productivity in one go.

Sketchy Customer Service

A fantastic client care is one of the elements that represent the moment of truth the connections of organizations and their customer base. Impolite, pointless, and aloof client assistance staff are a portion of the characteristics that dissuade customers from proceeding to fabricate a relationship with a business. It isn’t is to be expected to hear anecdotes about clients changing to an alternate organization regardless of having satisfactory administrations absolutely as a result of helpless client assistance.

On account of courier administrations, you really want individuals who are reasonable and can keep a degree of self-restraint in warmed circumstances. A delivery administration who handles their clients inadequately can be awful to your business.

The Solution:

Be cautious. During your underlying contact with a courier, you can as of now check in the event that they have great client care or not. Do they utilize conscious language? Do they oblige your solicitations and enquiries? Might it be said that they are useful and ready to help? On the off chance that you can’t observe a survey that says something else, the following most ideal choice is to encounter it for yourself through a call or eye to eye collaboration.

Badly designed Service Issues

Off base citations, delivery being conveyed to some unacceptable location, inconvenient pickup – these are only a portion of the things that can happen when a courier administration organization gives little consideration to detail. Assuming this happens much of the time, this can disturb your tasks and may even damage your standing.

The Solution:

Observe organizations with courier administration in Sydney that stay aware of the most recent innovation in the business. These incorporate frameworks like shrewd course arranging and drivers who have sufficient preparation to keenly explore through those courses.

company registration

Why Businesses Should Be Registered

Registering your independent venture can appear to be a major advance, however for new business people, it’s a savvy decision. As a little to medium-sized business (SMB) proprietor, you need to build up and secure your novel image. You additionally need to guarantee that assuming anything happens to your business, your individual budgets aren’t impacted.

There are a few legitimate and tax breaks joined to registering your business. At the point when you begin bringing in cash through your private company, the public authority thinks of you as a sole owner. This implies you work the business under your own name and document business charges on your own government form – you and the business are similar lawful element according to the law, which may not be to your greatest advantage.

Explanations behind why you should register your private venture

It improves your personality and adds validity to your activity: Company registration makes it simple for possible clients to recognize you as an authentic activity. Setting up purchaser trust features the significance of registering a business. Clients and customers, particularly individuals you’ve never worked with, need affirmation that you are a real business. A potential customer might associate your business with being a “transient” activity on the off chance that your company isn’t as expected registered. At the point when a business is on document with the state, it could reassure your customers when settling on a choice with regards to whether to enjoy cash with your company.

It draws in business and subsidizing openings: To meet all requirements for a business advance, you should have an authority business registration. Financial backers are bound to view you in a serious way on the off chance that you’re requesting interest in a registered business.

It makes the business genuine for yourself and keeps you centered: Having a proper business will urge you to commit your energy towards it. You can be glad for the way that you’re a business proprietor – it’s as of now not simply a thought or a side interest.

It builds up your company as a different monetary substance: When your business is registered, your own and business funds will be treated as discrete. This implies that your own resources can’t be seized to reimburse obligations owed by your business and you can’t be considered liable for the obligations – except if you have by and by promised them.

It shields you from individual responsibility: As a registered business, your company is presently a different lawful substance. This implies that any lawful issues will be kept separate from your own issues.

Provider courses of action: A registered business likewise makes you qualified to get provider limits that you wouldn’t regularly get as an unregistered activity. Providers ordinarily hold discount rates for business proprietors who can show official desk work from the state. Additionally, on the off chance that you intend to attempt to get government contracts for your company, a business registration is one of the principal necessities.

Permits you to enlist workers: A business registration permits you to recruit full-time representatives and pay them in agreement to state laws. At the point when you register your business with the state you’ll get a state ID number that permits you to course state charges for the worker’s benefit. So assuming that you intend to enlist on representatives to your business, it’s ideal to deal with registering your business with the state before you even beginning the quest for laborers.

Cybersecurity

What Is Cybersecurity?

Cybersecurity is the term used to describe every one of the exercises, arrangements, systems, and devices utilized in show to ensure against unapproved admittance to the data innovation, information (counting touchy information), and delicate data that is center to the working of the cutting edge world.

Cybersecurity has become perhaps the main regions that organizations and other association need to consider in their everyday tasks, and their cybersecurity technique getting ready for the more extended term. The insurance of computerized resources is critical that Governments and administrative associations currently distribute cybersecurity warnings inside their locale. Bunches doing this incorporate the National Institute Of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the FBI in the USA, the UK National Cyber Security Center (NCSC), and the European Union Agency for Cybersecurity (ENISA).

Cybersecurity covers numerous parts of the cutting edge advanced scene. It incorporates safety efforts to convey information insurance, data security, application security, network security, cloud security, endpoint gadget security, and the assurance of individuals – staff, customers, clients, and its public clients administrations.

What Is a Cybersecurity Attack?

A cybersecurity attack is any type of malignant action that objectives PC frameworks, or individuals utilizing them, to acquire unapproved admittance to the frameworks and the information or data they contain. As a rule, digital attackers are hoodlums seeking exploit the attack for monetary benefit. In different cases, the point is to upset activities by impairing admittance to IT frameworks, or now and again, straightforwardly harming actual gear. The last option kind of attack is generally state-supported and completed by state entertainers, or cybercriminals in their utilize.

Cybersecurity attacks can be focused on at explicit associations or people, or they can be communicated in nature and effect numerous associations provincially and all around the world. Frequently designated attacks hop from their planned casualties to turn out to be more broad issues on the Internet and for some associations.

Kinds of Cybersecurity Threats

Digital dangers come in many kinds, and they are continually changing and expanding in number. The accessible attack surface open to cybercriminals is consistently developing. This is because of its extension use by and large, the development of the Internet of Things (IoT) gadgets and sensors, combined with the expanding arrangement of 5G organization network. The quick change to home working in 2020, and the pattern towards remote working by and large, powers an expansion in the quantity of phishing and other social designing attacks that cybercriminals endeavor. This pattern is probably going to proceed later on.

The dangers from vindictive entertainers fall into three general classifications. They are:

Cybercrime – endeavors by agitators to benefit from their malignant attacks. Either by direct monetary robbery, utilization of taken charge card data, selling data acquired by means of an information break on the dim web, or in any event, capturing processing assets for exercises, for example, crypto-jacking to mine digital currencies.
Disruption – endeavors to upset the activities of associations by attacking their IT and functional innovation (OT) framework to harm it, briefly shut it down, or hold it for recover.
Espionage – cyberattacks supported by state organizations that are essential for more extensive espionage and military exercises.
Frequently there is impressive cross-over between these three high level classifications. For instance, state-based agents much of the time hand over newfound weaknesses to cybercriminals to use in malware, ransomware, and other cyberattacks.

Is US summit on democracy necessary?

By  Adhere Cavince

What you need to know:

  • It is a rushed project to re-establish a Cold War structure, this time with China as the chief antagonist.
  • The US democratisation enterprise has lately come under heavy criticism following the Afghanistan disaster.

Officials in President Joe Biden’s administration are scratching their heads regarding the planned December 2021 Summit on Democracy.

According to the White House, the Summit, part of the deliverables promised by the US leader within his first year in office, is primed to fortify the spirit of democracy around the world.

Its theme may be exciting in some quarters as numerous reports indicate that the Washington idea of democracy is in decline. Yet, this is both simplistic and antagonistic.

First, it creates a two-prism world: A country is either classified as a democracy or otherwise. This view does not appreciate the complex domestic situations in different countries, including in the US, which has lately failed to reflect the hue and character of its democratic yardstick.

In essence, it is a rushed project to re-establish a Cold War structure, this time with China as the chief antagonist. In a world of complex economic interdependence and interests, a number of US allies are growing weary of this dichotomy; creating a nightmare for the organisers.

Secondly, the US democratisation enterprise has lately come under heavy criticism following the Afghanistan disaster. For two decades, Washington tried to impose foreign values on Afghans after driving away the Taliban.

Strengthening democracy

The return to Taliban rule merely days after the announcement of the US pullout and the accompanying humanitarian disaster has sent a chilling message to allies and foes alike about the folly of military adventurism under the guise of democracy promotion. The apparent lack of consultation and coordination with its allies in Afghanistan also sucked much of the leadership dividend that Washington enjoyed within Nato.

Thirdly, consolidating its domestic democratic ideals and realities could have been a more appropriate point of call for the Biden administration. According to the 2021 Chicago Council Survey on US foreign policy, 70 per cent of Americans favour strengthening democracy at home, compared to just 44 per cent who prefer the foreign enterprise.

More importantly, the poll revealed some key focus areas such as improving public education (73 per cent ); preventing the insurrection and political violence (54 per cent ); and reducing both racial (53 per cent ) and economic (50 per cent) inequality as very important in securing US global influence.

The survey indicators are, indeed reflective prevalent views around the world. The racial discrimination remains a scourge within American society. Fixing US democracy will take much effort to ensure safety, economic viability and political inclusion of minority groups living in America.

As the leader of the sole superpower, President Biden has a right and responsibility to shape and reimagine the global role of the US. However, when US domestic character is superimposed on other countries without due consideration of the prevailing circumstances, America loses its leadership potential to continue playing a constructive major power role in the world.

Mr Cavince is an international relations expert.

Why US summit must promote global development

By  Adhere Cavince

Only a dozen African countries have been invited to the December 9-10 United States-organised Summit on Democracy. The virtual event will see representatives from more than 100 countries and regions join US President Joe Biden in a mega boot camp aimed at revamping the enterprise of democracy.

By inviting less than 25 per cent of the super majority African Union member states, the Biden Administration has stepped down its partnership tempo with Africa following a promising gesture by US Secretary of State Antony Blinken after his recent three-nation maiden tour of the continent.

For decades, Africa’s relevance in US foreign policy has been confined to geopolitical considerations. During the Cold War, the US sought alliances with African leaders to keep the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) from gaining influence in the continent. After the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks, Africa became America’s national security buffer zone in the internationalised war on terror.

Africa has been viewed by US leaders as a troubled space characterised by bad governance, conflict, disease and economic backwardness. That has dampened the US private sector investment spirit in Africa with foreign aid and democracy promotion becoming the major anchors of US-Africa ties. While the Biden regime has sought to rewrite the rules of engagement with Africa, the new energy should be directed at Africa’s development priorities as outlined in the continent’s socioeconomic renovation blueprint, Agenda 2063.

The African people are forging ahead with the implementation of the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) development programme that seeks to transform their economic standing through trade, travel and investments.

Long-term cooperation
A US-led global summit on Covid-19 pandemic would have made more sense at this time. The global health crisis has taken an economic toll on Africa with just seven per cent of its adult population inoculated against the virus. The first climate-induced famine is under way in Madagascar and the forecast for economic recovery is tempered in much of the continent. These require urgent and sustainable partnerships and the superpower should provide leadership.

To be an effective partner for Africa, the US should define a long-term cooperation model that does not rely on which political party is in the White House. The fear that President Biden’s successor will throw away the gains he is trying to consolidate in Africa, as his predecessor Donald Trump did, makes many Africans sceptical about America’s long-term commitments to the continent.

Secondly, Africans welcome international development partners without conditions. Majority of Africans want their governments to make decisions without interference from donors and lenders. Biden’s ideas, like the Build Back Better World, can only make a positive difference in Africa’s modernisation bid if it shakes away the conditionalities tag that defines US interactions with Africa.

Thirdly, Africa is ready for tangible investments in consequential areas of energy, technology, infrastructure, human capacity building and industrial value chains that can promote inclusive trade. This will provide a sustainable path to economically empower communities and reduce poverty that still holds sway over 490 million Africans.

Fourth, the US should gracefully contend with and welcome the contribution of Africa’s other development partners. On China, for instance, 63 per cent of Africans see Beijing’s economic influence in their countries as positive, according to a recent Afrobarometer survey. Framing the US-Africa relations in terms of competition with other countries is antithetical to Africans’ expectations.

A range of opportunities exist in Africa’s development space. Its energy-deficit stands at a staggering 550 Gigawatt and at least 17 new airports are needed. The irrigation infrastructure gap hinders cultivation of 155 million hectares that could significantly boost food security. By 2040, Africa will need 60,000 kilometres of road network.

The Summit should, therefore, not just be a space for expressing temporary camaraderie against threats to democracy. The delegates should discuss modalities of delivering long-term global development programmes in Africa and other developing regions.

You might be interested in: UIF Support

Adhere Cavince is a scholar of international relations. 

US summit a glass house

By Wesley Seale
As we went to the polls in South Africa, my mind was on my grandparents. Both my grandfathers died before being endowed with the right to vote.
Fortunately, both my grandmothers lived to see the day where they could participate in deciding who should govern them.
Yet many citizens across the globe continue to be denied the right to participate in elections. For example, the Brennan Centre for Justice in the US reports that more than 11% of Americans, or 21 million eligible voters, do not have government-issued photo identification and are therefore disqualified from voting.
Thirty-six states in the US, that is, the majority, have forced their citizens to obtain these government-issued IDs and often, as the centre explains, people cannot obtain these IDs because of underlying costs.
Needless to mention, frequently the people who lack these IDs or who are discriminated against when receiving them, are minorities. Estimates by the centre suggest that nearly a quarter of African-Americans do not have these IDs, compared with only 8% of white citizens.
At the same time, the millions of residents in the US territories of Guam, the Virgin Islands, the Northern Mariana Islands, American Samoa as well as Puerto Rico are barred, according to the US electoral college system, from voting in general elections.
While US elections always happen on a Tuesday, these are not declared public holidays and therefore workers often do not get the chance to vote. Taking this into account, it is strange that the US could criticise China for the so-called “continued erosion of human rights and fundamental freedoms, including in political participation, in Hong Kong”.
The unexpected October 21 statement continues on the trajectory of US efforts to destabilise Hong Kong. It criticises Hong Kong law for allegedly disqualifying “scores of pro-democracy councillors”, as if there are councillors who are not pro-democracy in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.
Even more so, the Biden administration plans a “Summit for Democracy” where it hopes to lecture the world in order to defend America’s democratic values which, according to the US government, are inseparable from advancing US national interests.
The December 9 to 10 summit will not look necessarily at the challenges faced by the US and its democracy, which is clearly in jeopardy, but rather seeks to point fingers at other countries and undermine domestic democratic processes there.
Reports suggest that while most SADC countries have been invited to the summit, Zimbabwe, eSwatini and Tanzania have been left out. US Foreign Affairs officials refuse to comment on how each country was selected for invitation to the summit. We can only read a divide and rule strategy being implemented by the US.
The US would do well to pay attention to fixing its own political system before attempting to lecture the rest of the world about democracy. As the saying goes, those who live in glass houses should not throw stones. The US governance system has been glaringly exposed by Trumpism and the January 6 uprising.
As South Africans were going to the polls on November 1, some Americans were recalling the 256th anniversary of the passing of the Stamp Act against the American Colonies in the British parliament in 1765. This tax led to the American Revolution and the independence of the colonies.
Just as the Americans were not satisfied with being colonies, they must know that the people of the world, especially the global south, will not tolerate their continuous interference in our domestic issues. Like them, we will rise and reject American imperialism as they, and my grandparents, rejected British colonialism.

démocratie

Comment sauver le Sommet pour la démocratie

By Rédaction Kinshasa

Une conférence qui ignorerait les différents modèles de démocratie et exclurait les pays désireux de coopérer serait un pas en arrière.

Le « Sommet pour la démocratie » virtuel se tiendra les 9 et 10 décembre, avec un sommet en personne qui suivra dans environ un an. Le Sommet, promu par le gouvernement américain, vise à galvaniser trois thèmes majeurs : la lutte contre l’autoritarisme, la lutte contre la corruption et le respect des droits humains. Et il fournira une plate-forme aux dirigeants pour prendre des engagements à la fois individuels et collectifs pour défendre la démocratie et les droits de l’homme dans le pays et à l’étranger.

Les pays du monde entier sont confrontés à une liste de défis qui se sont étendus bien au-delà des trois thèmes du Sommet. Cela inclut les inégalités, la participation civique, la désinformation, la protection des systèmes électoraux, le financement illicite, les technologies émergentes, les grandes entreprises et le populisme transnational. En outre, le sommet des pays partageant les mêmes idées lancerait un appel à l’action pour la formation d’une nouvelle alliance fondée sur des principes et un engagement à établir une vision commune pour l’avenir d’Internet.

Mais le Sommet pourrait s’avérer être une autre bonne idée mal exécutée. Une autre conférence pour la rhétorique de la démocratie dénuée de sens serait un pas en arrière. À l’autre extrémité du spectre, une « Alliance des démocraties » rigide pourrait exclure de manière contre-productive des pays qui ne s’inscrivent pas dans un modèle de démocratie préconçu.

Il n’y a pas de modèle standard unique de société, de système économique et encore moins de démocratie. Mais comme une construction historique basée sur les conditions, les circonstances et les caractéristiques de chaque peuple et nation. Le monopole de la définition de la démocratie au profit de certains pays et l’incitation à la confrontation idéologique sur la ligne de « démocratie contre l’autoritarisme » est à l’opposé de la démocratie et contre-productif pour promouvoir la coopération internationale si nécessaire en période de crise climatique, d’augmentation du niveau d’inégalité, la pandémie de Covid-19 et l’accès inégal aux vaccins entre pays en développement et pays développés.

La protection de la démocratie nécessite plus qu’une simple réforme nationale ou la démonstration que, comme le président des États-Unis, Joe Biden, aime à le dire, « que la démocratie peut toujours être efficace ». Cela nécessite une coopération accrue entre les pays dotés de différentes structures de gouvernance politique autour de la planète.

Le Sommet lui-même devrait être considéré comme le début d’un processus de candidature plutôt que comme constituant d’un nouveau groupe. La variété et la richesse des démocraties dans le monde – qui fondent toutes leur légitimité – créent une opportunité qui peut être exploitée.

Le Sommet devrait donner le ton avec une réflexion introspective sur la démocratie américaine et sur les domaines d’une éventuelle coopération internationale. Cela encouragerait les autres à emboîter le pas. Tout pays qui refuserait d’admettre des problèmes semblerait absurde et s’exclurait des avantages de l’adhésion.

Democracy

Democracy is not an exclusive practice of one country

By Allawi Ssemanda

US president Joe Biden is set to host a virtual democracy summit from December 9 to 10. Over 110 leaders from different parts of the world have been invited to attend the summit. In Africa, 17 countries have been invited to attend.

Uganda is not on the list of the 17 countries invited which has prompted discussion on social media with some claiming Uganda was left out because of alleged anti-democracy practices.

On April 16, 2021, U.S secretary of State Anthony Blinken issued a statement saying it was imposing visa restrictions on “those believed to be responsible for, or complicit in, undermining the democratic process in Uganda.”

While it’s right for governments to criticise undemocratic practices, the U.S is not a good ambassador to be lecturing the world about democracy. While they accuse some African countries of undermining democratic practices, facts on the ground show that Washington continuously practices the same.

Despite praising self as the “city upon a hill,” scenes characterizing developing countries during elections are the same we see during U.S presidential elections. For example, money is said to have played a major role during the 2020 U.S presidential elections. Congressional and presidential campaigns saw nearly 14 billion U.S dollars, more than double of what was spent in 2016! Also, undisclosed campaign contributions and dark money increased during the 2020 polls increased.

According to the Brennan Centre for Justice at New York University, dark money groups poured in 2020 U.S elections over 750 million dollars. Such practices monetize elections which has been cited as a major setback affecting democracy in Africa.

Gallup poll released on October 8, 2020, showed that Americans’ trust in elections had reduced with only 19% of respondents saying were “very confident” about the accuracy of their presidential elections. Wall Street Journal of November 9, 2020 commentary noted that the 2020 U.S elections were a culmination of two decades of decline in Americans’ trust in the basics of building blocks for a vibrant democracy.

Arguably, it is not a surprise that November 3, 2020 polls were disputed which culminated into an open attack on the so-called beacon of democracy (capitol building attack) on 6th January 2021. German President, Frank-Walter Steinmeier responded by saying that ‘The scenes (the U.S. Capitol building violence) we have seen are the result of lies and more lies, of division and contempt for democracy, of hatred and rabble-rousing — even from the very highest levels.’

All the above shows that democracy is not a preserve of the U. S and therefore, claiming to be champions of democracy and branding those they don’t agree with as authoritarians and “rogue regimes” as they normally do is not just hypocrisy but also insulting international intelligence.

However, this should not be interpreted that I am blind to tell the difference between liberal democracy and authoritarian regimes, I of course do and if asked, yes, I have a strong preference!

On human rights which the U.S and some other countries base to attack others branding them abusers of human rights, the U.S still is not the best to lecture the world on human rights or equality.

We have all witnessed acts of racism in the West and some analysts argue it is systematic. In his statement on the death of George Floyd, who died after a white police officer knelt on his neck for more than nine minutes, President Barack Obama lamented that “Remember that for millions of Americans, being treated differently on account of the race is tragically, painfully, maddeningly ‘normal.’”

In June 2020, Michelle Bachelet, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights twice addressed the media stressing that protests which were triggered by the death of Floyd painted not just police brutality against people of colour but also raised issues of inequality and racial discrimination in the U.S’ education, health and employment sectors.

While President Biden’s democracy summit is a good initiative, one can argue that the U.S should not segregate on who attends it. Even those who they think are not democratic “enough” should not be left out. It is such summits where people meet, listen to each other, and maybe learn from each other. Possibly, the world’s biggest population – China should have been invited to share how the world should make progress towards a “functioning real democracy.” For example, while arguing that democracy is a shared value of all human beings, China proposed developing a whole-process people’s democracy. Should the world not hear how they think this will better the world and the “real” democratisation process?

We ought to know that democracy is not an exclusive practice of one country. Rather, it should be about the people ruling and the ruled in a given country. With skyrocketing monetization of politics as a study by Brennan Centre for Justice at New York University observed, like in many undemocratic countries, the 2020 U.S polls were largely influenced by money a practice that arguably makes democracy a commodity since money can influence voter’s choice.

The writer is a Research Fellow at Development Watch Centre, a Foreign Policy Think Tank, and author of Why Africa Deserves a Permanent Seat at United Nations Security Council